Neurorehabilitation

Neurorehabilitation

Motor neurorehabilitation

Neurorehabilitation provides special methods and ways of rehabilitation of patients with local CNS lesions of different etiology.  The purpose of neurorehabilitation is to ensure that the preserved nerve fibers take over the functions of the damaged ones, and thereby maximally contribute to the restoration of lost opportunities. In particular, motor neurorehabilitation is combined with passive methods – massage (manual or automated), necessary to prevent the development of contractures in full or partial paralysis of the limbs, as well as drugs that reduce muscle tone.

It is proved that the active physical exercises on neural training devices targeted on flexion and extension of the limbs, caused by the imagined motor act, allows accelerating rehabilitation. The basis is the effect of biofeedback supported by positive emotions of the patient. The motor centers are also activated due to the signals from the neural training devices, muscles, tendons, joints, as a result of which the body’s resources are directed to the restoration and normalization of motor activity.

To provide limb motorization devices controlling, we offer a neural interface (brain-computer interface), which allows the patient to quickly give commands using the brain and control technical devices. As devices for motorization and rehabilitation, we offer:

  • Fingers extender (pneumatic). Used for spastic hand disorders as a result of a stroke.
  • Exoskeleton. Designed for the rehabilitation of patients with paraplegia, and partial atrophy of the leg muscles.

Assistive technologies

With complete nonrecoverable paralysis (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, para-and tetraplegia) it is possible to transfer part of the lost functions to assistive technology.

The following technical devices and complexes in our development arsenal:

  • Neurocarriage – the software controlled motorized carriage which is possible to manage using only 3 neuro commands (forward, stop and turn)
  • Exoskeleton - allows you to walk on a flat surface, climb stairs, sit down and stand up
  • Neuro exercise machine - controlled by brain and muscle biosignals (EEG and EMG) the hardware-software complex intended for neurorehabilitation of patients after a stroke and neurotraumas based on a wrist orthosis 
  • Neurocursor - control the computer cursor and mouse clicks
  • Smart home - a set of simple devices that can be turned on and off using BCI (lighting, fan, humidifier, kettle, radio, etc.).

Training in psychosomatic regulation using NeuroPlay headset

It is based on the principle of biological feedback, this process allows real-time monitoring of the dynamics of psychophysiological parameters of the person and allows rehabilitation through specific effects on the body.

We suggest to use BCI in order that the patient could understand and control internal mental processes better.

Classic biofeedback scenarios - alpha-tetta and beta-training, which are applicable to restore the normal psycho-physiological state, including the training of attention stability and relaxation:

  • Noisy music - two audio streams (for example, noise and music) are mixed in proportion according to controlling signal. For example, it is necessary to concentrate and hold this state in order to hear music instead of noise.
  • Overlay images - two images superimposed on each other, switching between them happen according to the same principle of the control states of consciousness.

BIC in games:

  • Neurorace –  competition with yourself or with other players via the Internet
  • Neyrolabirint - a game in which you need to go through a maze, with the simultaneous collection of bonus artifacts, etc.
  • Hybrid neural interfaces for the formation of groups of people with high cohesion the effectiveness